Home News Sub-Saharan Africa Faces Worsening Drought Crisis, Millions At Risk

Sub-Saharan Africa Faces Worsening Drought Crisis, Millions At Risk


A deepening drought crisis is gripping sub-Saharan Africa, with millions facing hunger and severe water shortages. The situation is particularly dire in Malawi and Mozambique, where consecutive failed harvests have left entire communities teetering on the brink of food insecurity.

The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimate that 27.4 million people in southern Africa alone will face hunger in the next six months, a significant increase from previous years. This figure is largely attributed to a string of 14 extreme droughts that have plagued the region over the past two decades, impacting crop yields and livestock production.

“This is the worst drought we’ve seen in decades,” said John Mutorwa, WFP’s Regional Director for Southern Africa. “Families are being forced to skip meals, sell their belongings, and even migrate in search of food and water.”

Malawi and Mozambique Bear the Brunt

Malawi and Mozambique, two of the most vulnerable countries in the region, are bearing the brunt of the crisis. In Malawi, President Lazarus Chakwera declared a national disaster in February, citing widespread crop failure and the threat of famine. The situation is similarly dire in Mozambique, where severe water shortages have compounded the challenges of food insecurity.

“The situation in Mozambique is critical,” said Adriano Malea, a spokesperson for the Mozambican government. “We are working tirelessly to provide emergency assistance to those most affected, but the scale of the crisis is immense.”

El Niño and Climate Change Exacerbate the Crisis

Experts attribute the worsening drought conditions to a confluence of factors, including the El Niño weather phenomenon, which disrupts typical rainfall patterns, and the long-term effects of climate change.

“The persistent dry spells we’re seeing across southern Africa are being exacerbated by climate change,” said Alicia Montalvo, a climate scientist at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. “Rising temperatures and changing precipitation patterns are making droughts more frequent and severe.”

Urgent Action Needed

The international community is calling for urgent action to address the unfolding crisis. The WFP and FAO are appealing for increased funding to provide food assistance and support long-term resilience-building efforts.

“We need to act now to prevent a full-blown famine,” said Mutorwa. “This requires a coordinated effort from governments, the international community, and local communities themselves.”

The long-term outlook for sub-Saharan Africa remains uncertain, with climate change expected to continue to exacerbate the frequency and severity of droughts. As the region grapples with the immediate challenges of the current crisis, building long-term resilience and adapting to changing weather patterns will be critical to ensure food security and sustainable development for future generations.

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