Malawi’s top foreign exchange earner, tobacco, is in terminal decline, according to President Lazarus Chakwera, who has urged a move to high-growth crops like cannabis, which was legalized locally for some uses last year.
Chakwera made the remarks during a state of the nation speech, in which he predicted that tobacco would gain less than $200 million in 2021, a figure approximately comparable to the previous two years but significantly lower than previous annual earnings of $350 million.
“The inconvenient truth … is that while Malawi has come a long way by relying on tobacco as our … largest single crop contributor to our GDP, this reliance is now seriously threatened by declining demand worldwide,” Chakwera said. “We need to diversify and grow other crops like cannabis, which was legalised last year for industrial and medicinal use,” he added. Tobacco was a stain on an otherwise booming agricultural sector, which the president said would enable economic growth to recover to 3.8% this year, according to the latest forecasts, and would push it to 5.4% next year.
That compared with last year’s lacklustre 1.9% growth owing to the fallout from the Covid-19 pandemic.
Decades of public health education have gradually convinced people worldwide of the dangers of tobacco, leading to a sustained drop in sales. At the same time, cannabis has started to be accepted as a medicine.
Malawi’s parliament passed a bill in February last year that makes it legal to cultivate and process cannabis for medicines and hemp fibre used in industry, but stops short of decriminalising recreational use. “I have directed (the) Ministry of Agriculture to begin a radical search for a basket of alternative crops so that by 2030, Malawi can do away with its reliance on tobacco, except in limited cases where there are pre-agreed quotas,” Chakwera said.
Countries around the world are either legalising or relaxing laws on cannabis, including several in Southern Africa such as Zambia, Lesotho and Zimbabwe.